Everywhere in Luxembourg City there are museums, theaters and cultural spaces. Luxembourg has a Unesco World Heritage Site, modern architecture and even traces of more than a thousand years of history. People from 170 nations live in Luxembourg City. All this together makes Luxembourg multicultural and diverse and makes it the cultural and economic center of the whole country of Luxembourg.
Bockfelsen and old town. A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Old City of Luxembourg, whose foundation dates back to 963, was developed in the 16th century from the so-called Bockfelsen into one of the strongest fortresses in Europe. In the 17th century, the casemates were built, an underground vault that served as protection against military attacks. Parts of the fortress have been preserved until today and can be visited. Both the fortress and the old town have been UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 1994.
Europe is at home in Luxembourg
Since the founding of the European Coal and Steel Community in 1952, various European institutions have settled in the capital. Luxembourg City is the seat of the European Court of Justice, as well as the Secretariat of the European Parliament and the European Court of Auditors. It is the birthplace of Robert Schuman, who, as French Foreign Minister after the Second World War, launched in 1950 the plan of a Coal and Steel Union named after him. Just two years later, the ECSC was founded, the oldest of the three European Communities that are considered precursors to the EU.
It is not only its geographical location in the heart of Europe, but also the historical role Luxembourg has played in the EU from the very beginning that makes it a true European capital. People from over 170 nations feel at home here, and their multilingualism gives the city a true cosmopolitan flair.
The architecture in Luxembourg
During a walk, you will always notice exciting contrasts between old buildings from Luxembourg’s thousand-year history and contemporary architecture. Highly modern buildings in futuristic style harmonize with the old buildings of the city. Sometimes it’s just small things, like the modern seating islands made of bright yellow plastic that stand scattered as if by chance in the courtyard of Neumünster Abbey.
The ultra-modern and spacy Peitruss skate park is nestled in the green spaces of the Petrus Valley. The site is part of the Unseco World Heritage Site. Therefore, the requirement for the design of the super-modern facility was to blend in with the surroundings as much as possible. The result is a fantastic skate park. Surrounded by the old Vauban fortress, it has become a meeting place for skaters as well as kickboarders and BMX riders.
By bike through Luxembourg – green mobility
One third of the city of Luxembourg is green. Parklands and gardens crisscross the capital and provide open space. Many people travel here by bicycle. The Petrussthal and also the Pfaffenthal are popular jogging routes, and for smoothly overcoming the differences in altitude in the city, there has been the Pfaffenthal panoramic elevator since 2016. It connects the Pescatore Park, located in the upper city center, with the Pfaffenthal neighborhood, located in the Alzette Valley. The ride in the glass cabin offers a perfect panoramic view. In no time at all, pedestrians and cyclists can thus cover 71 meters in altitude The ride is free of charge, and since it was put into operation, the number of cyclists in the city has noticeably increased.
Boarding please! Free travel through Luxembourg
Luxembourg offers its residents and visitors alike free public transport throughout the country. So ticket counters have had their day in the Grand Duchy. And with the nationwide Move We Carry offer, we wandered around during the day without a care in the world, while our suitcases traveled from accommodation to accommodation with the luggage service. Up to six consecutive days can be booked online. Until the end of September 2021, this luggage service is free in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
The capital of Luxembourg is one of five regions we explored on foot. We covered the distances between the daily stages by bus and train. Move We Carry allows travelers to arrange luggage transportation in advance.
Material and publications
The research trip was partly supported on site by Luxembourg Tourism